Are you required to write scholarly materials such as term essays, research reports, dissertations, journal articles, and books? If yes, then this book is for you.

The primary aim of this book is to help readers acquire the two fundamental skills in any scholarly writing i.e. citing and referencing, anyone involved in such writings will know that these skills are essential and that there are rules that a writer needs to follow. Otherwise, an otherwise excellent piece of writing may be marred by non-adherence to the rules and may even be perceived as shoddy and lacking in academic rigour. Worse still, the question of plagiarism may arise if sources of information are not cited accordingly.

Hence, this book seeks to provide quick references to both novice and experienced writers alike in carrying out citing and referencing efficiently and accurately. Features of the book such as user-friendly ‘Quick-Guides’, common errors, examples, exercises and answer keys are included to help ensure that the two fundamental skills are acquired quickly and effectively.

This second edition is updates based on the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Indeed, key differences between the 6th edition and the 7th edition of APA Publication Manual pertaining to citing and referencing are highlighted. Additionally, new sections such as how to cite tables and figures, automatic and online assistance in the construction of the reference list have also been added. Finally, new example, additional exercises and answer keys have also been added in this new edition.

Instructor Biography

Goh Hock Seng (PhD) has been teaching in Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris since it was first established in 1997. He obtained a Master in Linguistics for Language Teaching from the University of Lancaster and completed his doctorate in TESL at University Malaya. He has supervised students’ researches and reports at undergraduate at postgraduate levels besides conducting his own researches and publishing findings in academic journals.


Soo Ruey Shing (PhD) is a lecturer at the Faculty of Language and Communication, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. He obtained his doctorate in TESL education from Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris. His research interest includes instructional communication, Applied Linguistics, teacher education, ESP/EAP and educational Psychology. Dr. Soo has more than 15 years of experience in the field of language education as a lecturer, administrator, practitioner and research. His research outputs have appeared in several journals.


Josephine Chong, Suma Devi and Inradi Chitty were coursemates while pursuing their Master of Education in TESL (M.Ed TESL) degree in Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris. They completed their research projects and their course with excellent results. Each of them has more than 25 years of experience teaching English in the secondary schools.

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